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Mersedes s klass


Mercedes-Benz S-Class

The Mercedes-Benz S-Class, formerly known as Sonderklasse (German for "special class", abbreviated as "S-Klasse"), is a series of luxury flagship vehicles produced by the German automaker Mercedes-Benz, a division of German company Daimler AG. The S-Class designation for top-of-the-line Mercedes-Benz models was officially introduced in 1972 with the W116, and has remained in use ever since.

The S-Class has debuted many of the company's latest innovations, including drivetrain technologies, interior features, and safety systems (such as the first seatbelt pretensioners).[4] The S-Class has ranked as the world's best-selling luxury sedan,[5] and its latest generation, the W222 S-Class, premiered in 2013. As in previous iterations, the W221 S-Class is sold in standard and long-wheelbase versions; I4, V6, V8, V12, diesel and hybrid powertrains are offered. All models built in Mexico or sold in the United States are only available in long wheelbase.

In automotive terms, Sonderklasse refers to "a specially outfitted car." Although used colloquially for decades,[citation needed] following its official application in 1972, six generations of officially named S-Klasse sedans have been produced. Previous two-door coupe models of the S-Class were known as SEC and later S-Coupe. In 1998 the S-Class coupe was spun off in a separate line as the CL-Class, however as of June 2014, it has been re-designated as the S-Class Coupé for the 2015 model year, doing away with the CL-Class. In 2016, the S-Class Cabriolet, internally named A217, was introduced with three variants: the S 550 Cabriolet, the Mercedes-AMG S 63 Cabriolet with 4Matic, and the Mercedes-AMG S 65 Cabriolet.[6] The Mercedes-Maybach S 650 Cabriolet, based on the S 65 Cabriolet, was announced in 2016.[7]

Competing models include the BMW 7 Series, Audi A8, Jaguar XJ, Lexus LS, and the Maserati Quattroporte.

Model nomenclature

Chassis Type Debut
W180 "Ponton" 1954
W128 "Ponton" 1958
W111 "Fintail" 1959
W112 "Fintail" 1959
W108 N/A 1965
W116 S-Class 1972
W126 S-Class 1979
W140 S-Class 1991
W220 S-Class 1999
W221 S-Class 2005
W222 S-Class 2014

In 1993, when the W202 was introduced as C-Class, the traditional naming convention (numbers, plus letters) was reversed, with a leading letter identifying the line (As of late 2015, A, B, C, CL, CLA, CLS, E, G, GL, GLA, GLC, GLE, GLS, S, SL, SLK, X, and V are in use). From then on, the long-wheelbase models (formerly "SEL") and the regular-length models (formerly "SE") are both labeled with the prefix of "S" regardless of length. For example, both 500SE and 500SEL are now labeled as S500/S500L, with fuel injection being standard by now anyway. The W221 S-Class has been available in four trim levels; the numbers are given in ascending order to denote more upscale models (e.g. S500 (S550 for US)/S600/S63 AMG/S65 AMG etc.). In official Mercedes-Benz publications and on vehicle nameplates, a space between the letter and numbers is customary (e.g. S 600).

Predecessor models

"Ponton" (1954)

Main articles: Mercedes-Benz W180 and Mercedes-Benz W128

The W180 line debuted in 1954, and is the first lineup of "Ponton" models retroactively associated with the Mercedes-Benz S-Class. The W180 featured six-cylinder sedan, coupé, and convertible models, and was produced until 1957. The later W128 lineup, introduced in the mid-to-late 1950s, was the last to be associated with the "Ponton" name. It featured the 220a, 219 (W105), 220S, and 220SE models (sedan, coupé, and cabriolet) powered by a 2.2L straight-6, and came to ten. The "Ponton" designation referred to pontoon fenders, a stylistic feature on the W180/W128 models.

A 1950s W180 Ponton

The "Ponton" lineup included four- and six-cylinder models, but only the six-cylinder W180 and W128 lines are considered part of the Mercedes-Benz S-Class chronology, as they were the most powerful "Ponton" versions available. Both "Ponton" models were Mercedes' first without a conventional frame, using a unitized body/frame construction.

"Fintail" (1959)

Main articles: Mercedes-Benz W111 and Mercedes-Benz W112 Mercedes-Benz 230S (Belgium)

Mercedes Benz Fintail (German: Heckflosse) is an informal nickname given to Mercedes Benz vehicles notable for the presence of tailfins. Though never officially designated as such - Mercedes-Benz claimed they were functional and designated them Peilstege ("sight lines"), assisting to mark the end of the car in the rear view mirror. The Fintail series replaced the Ponton series.

The exterior was designed for the European and North American markets. The W111 was a chassis code given to its top-range vehicles, including four-door sedans, produced from 1959 to 1968, and two-door coupes and cabriolets from 1961 to 1971. The W111, was initially attributed only to six-cylinder cars with 2.2-litre engines. The luxury version with big-block 3-litre engines were given the chassis code W112. The entry-level vehicles with four-cylinder engines were called W110. All three versions W110, W111, and W112, in both two- and four-door bodies, were built on an identical chassis.

W108 (1965)

Main article: Mercedes-Benz W108 Mercedes-Benz 280 S

The updated and larger W108/W109 model lines were introduced in 1965. The squarish W108 line included the straight-six M129 engine powered 250S, 250SE, 280S 280SE and 280SEL. In 1968 the 300 SEL 6.3 borrowed the 6-litre V8 from the W100 600 Pullman to offer a truly high-performance luxury sedan.

During this period, the designation S (for "Sedan") was used for standard carburated short-wheelbase models; an E (for "Einspritzung", German for fuel-injection) was added to the 250SE, 280SE and 300SE. Long-wheelbase models gained an L (for "Lang", German for "long"), reflecting an extra 10 centimeters added in the rear passenger compartment. Since the advent of the W108 series, the Mercedes-Benz S-Class has always included two wheelbase lengths, although not all wheelbases are sold in every country.

The more powerful 300SE and 300SEL models were classified as the W109 chassis, with front and rear air suspension (rather than the coil spring based W108 rear suspension), and available burl walnut interior trim, automatic transmission, and power windows.

Late 1960s W108 line

In 1968, the W108 line dropped the 250SE in favor of the larger-engined 280S and 280SEL; the 250S remained as an entry model until 1969; the 300SE/SEL yielded their 3.0 litre inline-6 for the intermediate SL type (W113) 2.8 litre engine, and were later offered with a 3.5-litre V8 engine (in both the SE and SEL form, not in the U.S.) and 4.5-litre (U.S. only) and 6.3-litre V8 engines (in the SEL model only). The W108/109 lines, which eventually supplanted the W111 lines, were never available with four-cylinder engines.

S-Class models

First generation (1972–1980)

Main article: Mercedes-Benz W116

In 1972, Mercedes-Benz introduced the W116 line, the first to be officially called the S-Class.[8] Produced from 1972 through 1980, the W116 series featured a four-wheel independent suspension and disc brakes. The 280, 350, and 450 (4.5L version) models featured SE and SEL versions. Production of the W116 totaled 473,035 units. This was a groundbreaking sedan for Mercedes-Benz, and for the first time in the company history, the car had an obvious, blatant and outward emphasis on safety placed above a pure styling viewpoint. The overall design incorporated numerous safety features developed from the "safety research vehicles" in the mid-to-late 1960s to the very early 1970s.

These safety features were all newly introduced passenger-car "firsts" on a production vehicle: padded door trim around the windows, heavily padded steering wheel (later to be replaced by an airbag with the Mercedes-Benz abbreviation of SRS standing for the English-language term Supplemental Restraint System), more comprehensive safety padding on the dashboard and around the interior, dual asymmetric windshield wipers, headrests with a center depression to locate the occupant's head in a more central position during a rear impact, a rain-water management system to improve visibility consisting of deep channels on both sides of the windshield and flowing into deeply channeled rain gutters, including similar designs on the side mirrors, rounded body shapes along the edges, such as the tops of the front fenders, etc., designed to ameliorate pedestrian injuries, ribbed rear taillamp lenses which would remain clearer of dirt on the recessed areas, an easy-to-access first aid kit stowed in a recessed compartment on the rear parcel shelf prominently labeled with the universally recognized "cross" symbol which represents "first aid", and several other subtle safety features related to both active and passive safety. The Mercedes Benz S-Class is a classic chauffeur driven car,[9] and has frequently been used as standard by car hire companies. It is comfortable and safe as well as elegant looking; ideal for drives across the countryside or high class transport on a night out.

The W116 models were large luxury sedans. The W116 was larger on the outside than the W108/W109 series it replaced, but had similar interior capacity, as the additional bulk was driven by several new and aforementioned engineering developments on car safety and occupant protection in a crash. The W116 introduced other improved passive safety features into the vehicle design, including a strengthened vehicle occupant shell. It was one of the first cars to be available with ABS, a driver's airbag supplemental restraint system (but not available at the vehicle's initial launch). Also, the W116 was the first mass production passenger vehicle offered with a turbocharged diesel engine.

The 450SE, then the most powerful model in the W116 lineup, was awarded European Car of the Year in 1974. At the New England Auto Show in 1972 held in the fall season in Boston, the Munroney Label (window sticker) of a 1973 450SE was right at $13,000. 1973 was the first model year of the W116 for the US market. Starting in 1975, the W116 was upgraded with a new fuel injection system to comply with revised exhaust emission standards in European markets. A slight power reduction was a result of this update, but in 1978, a series of further engine upgrades restored original performance levels under the new fuel injection systems. Between 1973 and 1977, 997 Special Edition W116 models were made on order by Mercedes. These cars incorporated stronger body paneling and suspension and was 50 kg heavier than its normal counterpart.

Large boxy rear lights of the 1970s W116, the first official "S-Class"
Engines

With the W116 models, the V8-engines of the 350/450 SE/SEL models were now regular options. Due to the oil crisis, fuel efficiency was the major concern for the engineers, yet they still added also the high-performance, limited-production 450 SEL 6.9. This 8-cylinder model, affectionately referred to as simply "the 6.9", boasted the largest engine installed in a postwar Mercedes-Benz up to that time. Every 450 SEL 6.9 featured a self-leveling hydropneumatic suspension, and offered the ABS anti-lock braking system as an option from 1978 onwards. Also, in the United States and Canada only, Mercedes-Benz introduced the economical but powerful 3.0-liter 5-cylinder turbodiesel OM 617 A producing 85 kW in 1978, sold as the 300SD.

Second generation W126 (1979–1991)

Main article: Mercedes-Benz W126 Mercedes-Benz 380 SE short wheelbase Mercedes-Benz 560 SEL long wheelbase

The W126 series premiered in late 1979 as an 1980 model, and in March 1980 as an 1981 model in the US and Australia replacing the W116 line. The W126 line featured improved aerodynamics and enlarged aluminum engine blocks. In Australia in 1981, the W126 S-Class won Wheels magazine's Car of the Year award. The W126 was manufactured from 1979 through 1991 with a mid-cycle update. Coupé models based on the S-Class were reintroduced with the W126 (380/500 SEC). Total sales of the W126 S-Class sedans reached 818,036 units, with an additional 74,060 coupes sold.

In 1981, the W126 introduced a driver side airbag, as patented by Mercedes-Benz in 1971, as well as the passenger side airbags (in 1988), seat-belt pretensioners, and traction control. It was the first production car to feature an airbag standard, and as late as 1991 there were only a few other manufacturers in Europe who offered an airbag. The interior featured additional courtesy and reading lamps, along with heated seats and a more advanced climate control system. A four-speed automatic transmission was standard.

Although the top of range Mercedes-Benz 450SEL 6.9 of the previous generation was not directly replaced, the W126 carried forward the hydropneumatic suspension of the 6.9 as an option on the 500SEL. A new cruise control system was offered as well. Succeeding the roadster based coupes, the W126 introduced a two-door variant, the SEC coupé. The W126 S-Class received a mid-cycle update in 1986 with exterior modifications and engine upgrades occurred.

Engines

Powerplants on the W126 S-Class included straight-6 and V8 engines. Most sales came from the diesel model in Europe and straight-six models in the United States, although the V8 models were praised by contemporary journalists. During the W126 mid-cycle update in 1986, both the straight-6 and V8 engines were upgraded in several models to different displacement levels (six-cylinder upgraded from 2.8 L to 3.0 L, eight-cylinder upgraded from 3.8 L to 4.2 L, and 5.0 L to 5.6 L).

Third generation W140/C140 (1991–1998)

Main article: Mercedes-Benz W140 Mercedes-Benz S 420 short wheelbase Mercedes-Benz S 500 long wheelbase

In 1991, the W140 series replaced the W126 line with the first production model assembled on August 6 of that year.[citation needed] The W140 grew in proportions and featured two wheelbase lengths and a shorter-wheelbase W140 coupé. Production totalled 432,732 units.[citation needed]

The W140 cost 25% more than the W126 it replaced and featured double-pane window glazing, self-closing boot lid and doors, electric windows with a jam-protection feature (lowering when encountering an obstruction), rear-parking markers in the US (which appeared on the rear wings when in reverse), and a heating system which emitted warm air while residual energy was available after the engine was turned off.

In 1993, Mercedes-Benz model nomenclature was rationalized, with the SE/SEL/SEC cars becoming the S-Class and alphanumerical designations inverted (e.g. the both 500SE and 500SEL became S500 regardless of wheelbase length). In 1995, the W140 received a minor facelift featuring clear turn signal indicator lenses on the front and rear as well as headlamps fitted with separate low- and high-beam reflectors for the US market. Following the mid-year facelift, the W140 coupé and sedan (Saloon) featured Electronic Stability Control.

The 1991 S-Class was the world's first CFC-free vehicle

Fourth generation W220 (1998–2005)

Main article: Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W220) Mercedes-Benz S 320 short wheelbase (Australia) Mercedes-Benz S 600 long wheelbase (Europe)

In July 1998, the W220 was introduced. The W220 S-Class was completely restyled, with a body that was slightly smaller and lighter than its predecessor. Unlike its predecessor, the W220 was not the first model to feature the company's new design theme for the next generation of Mercedes-Benz. This honor was given to the A-Class when it launched in 1997. The new S-Class incorporated the new styling cues first introduced on the Mk I A-Class the year before (for example, the dashboard carried over the new styling details first seen in the A-Class), with a renewed focus on elegance and style in a more rounded shape compared to the preceding W140. Despite being smaller, the W220 S-Class offered more interior space than the W140. Production of the W220 S-Class totaled 485,000 units, slightly more than the production totals from the W140. The W220 was produced in a sedan version only.[10]

As with each new S-Class, the W220 brought in innovations such as Airmatic air suspension and Active Ventilated Seats (which used miniature fans in the seats to move air through perforations). A navigation system with center console-mounted screen display was introduced, along with the COMAND input control system. Other options included keyless entry and ignition, a radar-controlled Distronic cruise control system and a cylinder shut-off system called Active Cylinder Control. The 4MATIC all-wheel drive system was introduced to the North America market S-Class for 2003, complementing the traditional rear-wheel drive configurations.

While Consumer Reports classified the W220 model's reliability as "poor," its lowest rating, and declared it one of the "least reliable luxury cars,"[11] Edmunds gave the S-Class a 5 out of 5 reliability rating[12] and MSN Autos assign an expert rating of 9.0 out of 10.[13] By March 2011, Consumer Reports had changed its reliability ratings for the 2001 and 2002 S-Class as having improved to "average". Build quality was generally considered to be good. For instance, Forbes described the W220 S500 as "built remarkably well."[14] Early W220s were recalled for issues with the trunk spring and the hydraulic fuel line; there were no recalls for the 2005 or 2006 model years.

In 2002, Mercedes-Benz introduced the world's first preemptive safety system on the W220 with its first iteration of Pre-Safe. The W220 S-Class received an exterior refresh with updates to the front fascia. The grille angle was adjusted to a slightly more upright position, and the xenon-discharge headlamps were given a new transparent housing, replacing the earlier opaque versions. The front bumper's lower air intakes were also restyled. In 2005, the S-Class was the first vehicle to receive a TÜV Institute environmental certificate from the German Commission on Technical Compliance for environmentally friendly components.[15]

Introduced in 2003, the S65 AMG offered the most powerful engine ever available in the S-Class.
Engines

The W220 was available with more engine options than the W126 or W140. The range started with smaller 2.8 (Singapore) then 3.2L 224 hp (167 kW) V6 motor, which was superseded by an enlarged 3.7 L 245 hp (183 kW) V6 in the S350. The S430 was powered by a 4.3 L 279 hp (208 kW) V8 and the S500 was powered by a 5.0 L 306 hp (228 kW) V8. The S55 AMG was outfitted with a supercharged 5.4 L 493 hp (368 kW) V8 motor, the S55 AMG 2000/2001 was outfitted with the naturally aspirated 5.4 L 360 hp (270 kW) V8 motor. The S600 was outfitted with a 5.5 L 493 hp (368 kW) M275 V12 twin turbo engine, the S600 2000/2001 was outfitted with the naturally aspirated M137 5.8 L 367 hp (274 kW) V12 engine.

For one month in 2001, AMG produced the S63 AMG, which was sold in very limited numbers. The S63 was powered by a 6.3 L 444 hp (331 kW) V12. An undisclosed number of them were sold exclusively through AMG in European and Asian markets. A handful of the S600 AMG "collectors edition" were produced in the later years of the W220, much the same specs as the S63 AMG, but with an improved interior and voice command. The S600 AMG were one of the earlier models to be introduced with the Euro 4 emissions system. The S65 AMG was introduced in 2003 and went on sale in 2004 as a 2005 model. Powered by a 6.0 L 612 hp (456 kW) V12 twin turbo motor, the S65 was the most powerful S-Class, as well as the world's most powerful production sedan. The S65 had a 0 to 60 mph (0 to 97 km/h) time of 4.2 seconds (conservative MB estimate) and an owner-tested time of 3.8 seconds and could reach 100 mph (160 km/h) under 9 seconds. Furthermore, an ECU software upgrade can result in the engine producing 740 horsepower and over 850 pound-feet of torque.

Fifth generation W221 (2005–2013)

Main article: Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W221) Mercedes-Benz S 550 short wheelbase (Japan) Mercedes-Benz S 350 4MATIC long wheelbase (Europe)

The all-new W221 was introduced in the autumn of 2005 at the Frankfurt International Motor Show, with sales starting in autumn of 2005 and export to other markets beginning in 2006. The W221 S-Class made its North American premiere at the 2006 North American International Auto Show in January. The W221 is slightly larger in all dimensions than its predecessor, and it features three newly developed engines with up to 26% power increase. The interior is completely new, all materials have been upgraded and make for a more luxurious ride, and the center console transmission gear lever has been replaced with a column-mounted shifter. New technological features on the W221 include an infrared Night View Assist feature and the latest Mercedes-Benz pre-collision system. The W221 features sharper exterior styling (most notably wide fender arcs) and technological improvements. The W221 is the second consecutive generation of the S-Class to be solely produced in a sedan body style.

Models sold in North America are the S450 (2008– , SWB and Canada only), S400 Hybrid (2010– ), S350 Bluetec 4MATIC (2012- ), S550, S600, S63 AMG and S65 AMG; other models to be sold outside North America include the S280, S350, S300, S420 CDI and S320 CDI. The first W221 model released in North America and Japan was the S550 (called S500 outside North America and Japan), with the S600 arriving in the following spring.[16][17] Mercedes Benz Mexico also produces a police spec model of the S-600, the S-600P. The S-600P is similar to the standard S-600 but is equipped with the dual turbo charged V-12 engine of the S65 AMG and includes police lights, siren, run-flat tires, a gun mount, a Lanix computer station integrated with the host police network, optional prisoner cage and restraint seats, and level B6/B7 armoring. The S-600P is only built in Mexico and only comes in long-wheelbase version. The Mexican government uses S-600P's mainly for transporting important figures, but several police departments in wealthier cities in the country use them as patrol vehicles, as does the Mexican Federal Police in limited numbers. A small number of S-600P were purchased by the police department of Guangzhou, China for protection of key government figures.

In the US for the 2010 model year, the S-Class received a facelift across the entire model line in mid-2009. Daytime LED running lights were fitted to the outer edges of the bi-xenon lamp units. The rear end was accented with a total of 52 distinctively arranged LEDs in the two taillights. Gone are the body-colored strips through the tail lamps. Other noticeable changes at the front of the car are a more pronounced arrow-shaped grille, plus a new front bumper with a light-catching contour and a chrome strip below the cooling air intakes. New, sleeker rear-view door mirrors with LED turn signals were also added. Exhaust tailpipes of all S-Class variants were visibly integrated into the rear bumper. The wheels were updated to more modern-style ones. Also new is a S400 Hybrid version. Safety also improved on most Mercedes Benz models, with the orange-colored light reflectors mounted on the side of the bumpers. Also, before it was updated it had a C-Class look at the front. Afterwards it disappeared. Also, some shiny chrome is added to the bottom of the doors and bumper.[18]

In terms of performance, the S550 completes the 0–60 mph run in just 5.4 seconds. Despite having a weight of 2304 kg, the S65 AMG still makes it 0 to 60 in just 4.2 seconds.[19] The S 63 AMG and the S600 makes the same sprint in about 4.6 seconds. Mercedes-AMG claim that the S63 will pull from 50 mph to 70 mph in around 3.9 seconds while the S65 make it from 50 mph to 70 mph in 3.6 seconds.

2010 Mercedes-Benz S400 BlueHybrid (Germany)

The brakes continue to become more advanced with the new Brake Assist Plus system monitoring for an impending collision and increasing braking if needed, while the Distronic Plus radar guided cruise control can now bring the car to a complete stop.[20] This system works in outdoor conditions; a test demonstration by Mercedes-Benz in a crash-test hall resulted in embarrassment for the company when a new S-Class crashed into the back of a stationary W220 S-Class. This incident was later attributed to the radar system malfunctioning inside the radar-reflective (i.e. radar-confusing) steel test building where the event was filmed.[21]

Upscale department store Saks Fifth Avenue offered 20 special-edition S600 sedans for sale in its 2005 Christmas catalog. All 20 cars, priced at US$145,000 each, sold on November 22, 2005 in under seven minutes. The Saks-edition S600 sedans were finished in a mocha black exterior with an almond beige interior and were the first examples of the S600 to be sold to private owners. The S600s came with nearly every option standard. In 2007, Automobile Magazine named the W221 S-Class as one of its 2007 "All-Stars" over rivals from Lexus and BMW,[22] and Car and Driver selected the S550 as the winner in a five-way comparison test of flagship luxury sedans,[23] as did Motor Trend Magazine in July 2009 in a three way comparison test, with the other two competitors being the BMW 750Li, and Audi A8L 4.2 Quattro. The W221 S-Class was also the recipient of several other motoring awards (see following).

Sixth generation W222/C217/A217 (2013–present)

Main articles: Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W222) and Mercedes-Benz S-Class (C217) Mercedes-Benz S 500 short wheelbase (Germany) Mercedes-Benz S 400 long wheelbase (Vietnam) Interior

Officially unveiled in May 2013, the newest S-Class has a more streamlined appearance than the outgoing model. Some interesting features include a large front grille inspired by the F700 Concept car and LED lights used exclusively inside and out - a first in the automotive industry. Two strong converging character lines give the flanks a more sculpted look, while integrated exhaust tips and a large glass roof (likely optional) highlight the design.

Along with the sedan, the S-Class spawned a coupe (Mercedes-Benz C217) and convertible (Mercedes-Benz A217) as well as an extended-wheelbase 'Pullman' variant, longer than the long wheelbase 'L', that will fill the Maybach void. While the short-wheelbase model carries chassis code W222, the long-wheelbase model uses chassis code V222. Unlike with previous generations, Mercedes focused primarily on the development of the longer model as many customers in the fast-growing Asian markets prefer to be chauffeured.[25]

Equipment

Inside, almost every surface is covered by a 'luxury' material - everything that looks like leather is genuine leather and metal is used rather than any plastic alternative. The instrument cluster consists entirely of two widescreen (30.5 cm diagonal) LCD displays with animated graphics. A 'Head-Up' display and gesture responsive touch pad became options in early 2014.

The W222 debuts the available Magic Body Control, consisting of windshield mounted stereo cameras that can 'read' the road ahead (Road Surface Scan) and communicate with the Active Body Control suspension to ready it for an uneven road surface.[26] Initially only available on 8-cylinder models and above, Magic Ride Control attempts to isolate the car's body by predicting rather than reacting to broken pavement and speed humps.

Available luxury appointments over and above what was offered in the W221 include a choice of massage type for each seat occupant (the W221 offered various intensities of a single massage type) and two levels of premium audio from luxury German brand, Burmester.

The W222 has driver assistance systems aboard that allow it to steer a course within a lane and follow a leading vehicle for a short period (DISTRONIC PLUS with Steering Assist, also called traffic jam assistant). It will also slow or come to a dead stop and accelerate in response to traffic ahead. Mercedes engineers claim to have, under controlled conditions, ridden aboard a W222 S Class that has driven autonomously for 50 km, merely by altering parameters controlling equipment already fitted. Such modifications are not available to the general public.

Powertrain

Like the W221 S500, the W222 S-Class will be powered by a more powerful twin-turbo V8 producing 455 hp (339 kW) while the S600 will carry a twin-turbo V12. There is also a diesel-powered S350 BlueTEC version, a hybrid S400 with a 20-kilowatt electric motor and 306 hp (228 kW) V6 engine, a diesel-electric hybrid S300 BlueTEC. A S500 Plug-in Hybrid was later introduced at the Frankfurt Motor Show (IAA) with a market release of 2014 and claimed a 3 litres/100 km mileage, a CO2 rating of 69 g/km and up to 30 km of emissions free driving. The S500 Plug-In hybrid is fitted with a 329 hp (245 kW) 3-litre V6 and an 80-kilowatt electric motor.[27][28] AMG fettered S63 (V8 bi-turbo) and S65 (V12 bi-turbo) LWB sedans are also on offer. All S-Class models will come with a 7-speed automatic transmission.[29]

At the end of 2014 IMSA tuning has made some improvements to the engine of Mercedes S63 AMG Coupe so the car is able to produce 720 bhp and maximum torque of 1,080 Nm.[30]

Autobahn use

Historically, the engineering of the S-Class was claimed to have been designed without regard to cost, a practice which continued unfettered up through the W140 line.[citation needed] The company in turn has been able to exploit this as a marketing tool, culminating in its onetime slogan, "engineered like no other car in the world." This slogan was used throughout the 1980s with the marketing of the W126 S-Class. However, following the formation of DaimlerChrysler and the cessation of engineer-sanctioned overbudgeting in the late 1990s, this slogan was dropped. The subsequent W220 model S-Class were reported to suffer from relatively lower reliability and quality rates to previous models.[31]

Concept cars

The F700 research car

In the 1980s, Mercedes-Benz built the world's first driverless cars using the S-Class, together with the team of Professor Ernst Dickmanns at Bundeswehr Universität München.[32] The culmination of this effort was achieved in 1995, when Dickmanns' re-engineered autonomous S-Class robot completed a trip from Munich, Bavaria to Copenhagen, Denmark and back. On the autobahn, the robot S-Class achieved speeds exceeding 175 km/h. It suggested and executed overtaking maneuvers. The car's abilities left a big impression on many observers, and is said to have heavily influenced robot car research and funding decisions worldwide.

A concept future hybrid, the F700 research car, was also unveiled at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show.[33] The F700 featured three regular opening doors and a fourth door capable of 180-degree rotation. The concept also featured bulletproof and puncture-resistant tires.

Safety

Mercedes-Benz has traditionally introduced its safety innovations in the S-Class. For instance, the S-Class was the first car in Europe to incorporate airbags and three point seatbelts. S-Class safety features included innovations in active safety (accident avoidance), passive safety (collision protection), and holistic safety (integration of both active and passive safety features). Active safety features include: ABS braking in 1978[34] (acts to reduce braking distances and improve stopping control; co-developed with Bosch); traction control and Electronic Stability Program (ESP) in 1995[34] (improves driver control during difficult road conditions); and Brake Assist (provides full braking power during emergency stops). In 2005, a new infrared night vision feature was introduced (improves visibility during nighttime conditions). Despite the popular misconception, the S-Class was not the first car fitted with ABS braking technology, although some credit can be given for popularizing this now largely standard feature (ABS was initially an option on most models of the W126 S-Class). Active lane keeping became standard in 2011.[35]

W126 500 SEL cabin with driver's side airbag SRS

Passive safety features include: crumple zones in 1957 (vehicle body structure absorbs the force of impact); collapsible steering column (prevents the steering column from protruding into the cabin during accidents), strengthened occupant cell enhanced occupant protection during severe impacts (rollovers); pre-accident seatbelt tensioning (tightens seatbelts prior to impact), and sandwich platforms (allows the engine to slide under the occupants in a head-on collision).

PRE-SAFE, Mercedes-Benz's holistic safety feature, was introduced on the S-Class in 2002. PRE-SAFE integrates multiple active and passive safety features for a "safety net" approach to vehicle safety by attempting to prevent accidents; if accidents do occur, PRE-SAFE aims to reduce occupant injury. In the latest version of this pre-collision system, PRE-SAFE will prime the brake assist system, lock the doors to prevent accidental opening during the accident, adjust the seats, close the windows and sunroof, and tighten seatbelts during certain types of collisions. In the event an accident results in a roll over, the PRE-SAFE feature unlocks the doors and lowers the windows approximately one half-inch to allow you to exit or safety workers to gain access easily.

Road accident statistics on a model-by-model basis from the UK Department of Transport show that the Mercedes-Benz S-Class is one of the safest cars on the UK roads[citation needed] (measured in terms of chance of death in an accident).

S-Guard

The W220 S-Guard.

A special armored version of the Mercedes-Benz S-Class has been produced, known as the S-Guard. Features include the capability to withstand small arms fire and certain explosive devices, a self-sealing fuel tank, and an alarm system.[36] For 2009, Mercedes-Benz launched a long-wheelbase version of the S-Guard, known as the Pullman Guard. This model is 45 centimeters longer than the standard model and also has a higher roof and taller rear window with a different rake.[37]

The S-Guard is widely used at the diplomatic level to protect world leaders. Ninety governments worldwide are known to use the S-Guard for transport of government leaders and dignitaries.[38] The S-Guard is built on a special production line at the S-Class facility in Sindelfingen, Germany, with specific S-Guard enhancements integrated at multiple stages throughout the production process.[38]

Production

Most S-Class models, including the W221, are built at the Daimler AG plant in Sindelfingen, Germany and at the Mercedes-Benz-Valdez plant in Santiago Tianguistenco, Mexico. Founded by Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft in 1915, the Sindelfingen plant also produced the model 600 "Grosser Mercedes" and past generations of the S-Class.[39] Previous S-Class models (such as the W126) were built in different locations ranging from Stuttgart to South Africa, but with recent models (such as the W220) production has been concentrated in Sindelfingen and Santiago Tianguistenco. In February 2007, DaimlerChrysler Malaysia's (now, Mercedes Benz Malaysia) plant in Pekan, Pahang began production of S350 (model W221) vehicles and is currently assembling S300, S350L and S500L.[40] In all, some 2.7 million S-Class vehicles have been produced in the past forty years.[41]

  • W116: 473,035
  • W126: 818,036
  • W140: 406,532
  • W220: 485,000
  • W221: ~516,000 split in 85,900 ('06),[42] 85,500 ('07),[42] 90,600 ('08),[43] 53,400 ('09),[44] 66,500 ('10)[45] 68,969 ('11), 65,128 ('12)
  • W222: 103,737 ('14), 106,200('15),[46] 84,300 ('16)[47]

Sales

Calendar year US (hybrid) Germany China
1999 22,966
2000 21,266
2001 25,998[48] 18,347
2002 21,118 11,395
2003 22,940[49] 9,865
2004 20,460 7,045
2005 16,036[50] 6,718
2006 30,886 10,985
2007 26,081[51] 8,262
2008 17,787 8,077
2009 11,199[52] () 6,617 14,959[53]
2010 13,608 (955)[54] 5,177 25,000[55]
2011 12,258[56] 4,730 31,050[57]
2012 11,794 3,304 33,140
2013 13,303 4,963 20,448 (11 months) [53]
2014 25,276 8,617 28,054[53]
2015 21,934 26,234[58]
2016 18,803

Awards

Notable examples of awards received by the Mercedes-Benz S-Class include the top ranking in the J.D. Power Sales Satisfaction Index from 1987 to 1990,[59] seven time ranking as What Car? "Best Luxury Car",[15] and five times as Fleet News "Luxury Car of the Year".[15] The S-Class was Wheels Magazine Car of the Year for 1981 and 1999,[60] U.S. Highway Loss Data Institute "Safest Passenger Car of the Year" in 1988 and 1989,[61] and European Car of the Year in 1974. The S-Class is also the first car ever (2005) to receive an environmental certificate from the German Commission on Technical Compliance (TÜV).[15] Other awards range from Popular Science Best of What's New—Grand Award 2005 to Top Gear magazine's "Limousine of the Year" for 2006.

References

Notes

  1. ^ "Mercedes-Benz India announces the local assembly of the new S 500 within two months of its launch, backed by high demand for the new S-Class.". mercedes-benz.co.in. 
  2. ^ https://www.mercedes-benz.co.th/content/thailand/mpc/mpc_thailand_website/enng/home_mpc/passengercars/home/about_mercedes/mercedes_news/2015_Press_Releases/The_Endless_Journey_of_Silver_Star.html
  3. ^ http://www.mercedes-benz.com.my/content/malaysia/mpc/mpc_malaysia_website/myng/home_mpc/passengercars/home/passenger_cars_world/About_Us.html
  4. ^ "Mercedes 2005 S-Class to Keep Rivals Honest". Webwombat.com.au. 2005-05-30. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  5. ^ "New Merc S-class goes hi-tech". Motoring.co.za. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  6. ^ "2017 Mercedes-Benz S-class Cabriolet Release Date, Price and Specs - Roadshow". Retrieved 9 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Mercedes-Maybach S650 Cabriolet unveiled at LA motor show - Autocar". Retrieved 9 January 2017. 
  8. ^ Silva, Bruno (ed.). "Mercedes S Class Paternity". BCG. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  9. ^ Roach, Roach (ed.). "Chauffeur Connections to the S Class". AJLX. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  10. ^ "Consumer Guide. 2004 Mercedes-Benz S-Class/CL-Class Snapshot". Retrieved 2003-12-21. 
  11. ^ Taylor, Alex (2006-11-20). "Consumer Reports - Mercedes W220 S-Class reliability". Money.cnn.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  12. ^ "Edmunds, S-Class reliability". Retrieved 2012-05-26. 
  13. ^ "MSN Auto S-Class reliability rating". Retrieved 2012-05-26. 
  14. ^ Elliott, Hannah. "Forbes Mercedes-Benz W220 S-Class test drive". Forbesautos.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  15. ^ a b c d "S-Class Voted Fleet News Luxury Car of The Year For Fifth Time". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  16. ^ A Yahoo! Autos User (2009-08-19). "Yahoo Auto S-Class S550 official MSRP". Autos.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  17. ^ Yahoo Auto S-Class S600 official MSRP Archived February 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ [1][dead link]
  19. ^ "2007 Mercedes-Benz S65 AMG How to scare your passengers.". Retrieved 2012-10-02. 
  20. ^ "Forbes Auto. "Smooth Sophisticate"". Retrieved 2007-03-13. 
  21. ^ "Technology Failure Embarrasses Mercedes". Autospies. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  22. ^ "All-Star 2007 Mercedes-Benz S-class". Automobilemag.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  23. ^ "Chauffeur Showdown". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  24. ^ a b c Jonathon Ramsey (15 May 2013). "2014 Mercedes S-Class is ready for your plutocratic dollars". Autoblog. AOL. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  25. ^ Jens Meiner (15 May 2013). "2014 Mercedes-Benz S-class: "Effortless Superiority"". Car & Driver. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  26. ^ "MERCEDES-BENZ S-Class SEDAN 2016 W222 Owner's Manual". www.carmanualsonline.info. Retrieved 2017-03-14. 
  27. ^ "New S 500 PLUG-IN HYBRID: The S-Class as a "three litres per 100 kilometres" car". Daimler Media. Retrieved 15 May 2014. 
  28. ^ "Mercedes-Benz S-Class Saloon 2013". CARSPECWALL.COM. Retrieved 15 May 2014. 
  29. ^ "New Mercedes-Benz S-Class Highlights Enhanced Power in Luxury". Automoblog.net. Retrieved 2013-05-16. 
  30. ^ "2014 Mercedes-Benz S63 AMG Coupe by IMSA". Auto Power Girl. Retrieved 17 Nov 2014. 
  31. ^ Taylor III, Alex (November 17, 2006). "CNN Money. "Mercedes Vs. Consumer Reports"". Retrieved 2007-04-16. 
  32. ^ Highlights of robot car history with emphasis on S-Class robot car of 1995 by Ernst Dickmanns by Jürgen Schmidhuber, 2005
  33. ^ "Newsday - A hybrid drives Mercedes concept". .lexisnexis.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  34. ^ a b "The Lineage of the S-class". 2012-11-22. Archived from the original on 2016-10-07. Retrieved 2016-10-20. 
  35. ^ "AustralianCar.Reviews". Retrieved 2016-10-20. 
  36. ^ "Mercedes Introduces Armored S-Class". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  37. ^ "2009 Mercedes-Benz S600 Pullman Guard - Auto Shows". Caranddriver.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  38. ^ a b Mercedes-Benz S-Guard: the car of steel Archived December 28, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  39. ^ "DaimlerChrysler - Home - Corporate Profile - Worldwide Locations - Sindelfingen Plant:". Archived from the original on 14 October 2008. Retrieved 9 January 2017. 
  40. ^ Tan, Paul. "Malaysia to get locally assembled S-class next year". Paultan.org. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  41. ^ "Mercedes-Benz S-Class Looks Back on a Success Story: 220 Series Is World's Best-Selling Luxury Sedan". Autointell.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  42. ^ a b "Mercedes-Benz Cars steigert Absatz 2007 auf ... (zwei) 08.01.2008 | Nachricht". finanzen.net. 2008-01-08. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  43. ^ "Daimler AG | Mercedes-Benz Cars liefert im Jahr 2008 weltweit 1.256.600 Fahrzeuge aus | Pressemitteilung | Pressemeldung". Pressrelations.de. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  44. ^ de:Mercedes-Benz Baureihe 221#cite note-daimler.com-17
  45. ^ "Erfolgsjahr für Mercedes-Benz: Weltweites Absatzplus von 15 Prozent in 2010 | Daimler > Unternehmen > Nachrichten". Daimler. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  46. ^ https://www.daimler.com/documents/investors/berichte/geschaeftsberichte/daimler/daimler-ir-annual-report-2015.pdf
  47. ^ http://www.daimler.com/documents/investors/reports/annual-report/daimler/daimler-ir-annualreport-2016.pdf
  48. ^ "Mercedes-Benz USA Records Highest Sales in Its History. - Free Online Library". Thefreelibrary.com. 2003-01-03. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  49. ^ "2004 Highest Year on Record for Mercedes-Benz USA". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  50. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Rings in the New Year with Record 2006 Sales". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  51. ^ "Mercedes-Benz USA's Sales Drop 32.1 Percent In December 2008". Emercedesbenz.com. 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  52. ^ "Highest Sales Month for the Year at 21,469 Brings Mercedes-Benz to an... - MONTVALE, N.J., January 4, 2011 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey: Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  53. ^ a b c "不食人间烟火的D级车,究竟谁才是王中王?". www.sohu.com. 2016-07-12. 
  54. ^ "December 2010 Dashboard: Year End Tally". Hybrid Cars. 2011-01-07. Archived from the original on 2011-07-12. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  55. ^ "Mercedes-Benz China Homepage - 2011 News - 115% Growth - Mercedes-Benz Remains China's Fastest Growing Premium brand in 2010". Mercedes-benz.com.cn. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  56. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Records the Highest Year on Record with Sales of 264,460 - MONTVALE, N.J., Jan. 5, 2012 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey: Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2012-05-18. 
  57. ^ "Mercedes-Benz China Homepage - 2012 News - Mercedes-Benz completes 2011 with a double record of best month and best year ever in China". Mercedes-benz.com.cn. 2012-01-08. Retrieved 2012-05-18. 
  58. ^ "看看哪家强 2015年各级别车型销量榜". www.autohome.com.cn. 
  59. ^ Sanchez, Jesus. Mercedes-Benz Still Ranks No. 1 in Poll of New Car Buyers. The Los Angeles Times, August 8, 1990
  60. ^ Gable, Chris (2008-09-04). "Wheels' COTY the real McCoy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-05-15. 
  61. ^ "Ian Dunross Mercedes-Benz W126 S-class Homepage". Archived from the original on 2007-08-06. Retrieved 2007-05-15. 

Bibliography

General
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  • Clarke, R.M., ed. (2007). Mercedes AMG Gold Portfolio 1983-1999. Road Test Portfolio Series. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 9781855207455. 
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  • Häußermann, Martin (2006). Mercedes-Benz S-Class: The brochures since 1952. Archive edition of the DaimlerChrysler Group Archive. Bielefeld, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN 3768817202. 
  • Häußermann, Martin (2006). Mercedes-Benz – The Large Coupés: The brochures since 1951. Archive edition of the DaimlerChrysler Group Archive. Bielefeld, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN 3768818330. 
  • Hofner, Heribert (1997). Die S-Klasse von Mercedes-Benz: von der Kultur des Fahrens [The S-Class from Mercedes-Benz: from the culture of driving] (in German). Augsburg: Bechtermünz Verlag. ISBN 3-86047-589-4. 
  • Hofner, Heribert; Schrader, Halwart (2005). Mercedes-Benz Automobile Band 2: von 1964 bis heute [Mercedes-Benz Automobiles Volume 2: from 1964 to today]. Königswinter, Germany: Heel. ISBN 3898804194.  (in German)
  • Howard, Geoffrey (1984). Mercedes Benz S-Class and the 190 16E. High Performance Series. London: Cadogan Publications. ISBN 0947754083. 
  • Kittler, Eberhard (2000). Typenkompass Mercedes-Benz Band 1. Personenwagen 1945 - 1975 [Typenkompass Mercedes-Benz Volume 1. Passenger Cars 1945 - 1975]. Typenkompass series. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 361302019X.  (in German)
  • Kittler, Eberhard (2002). Typenkompass Mercedes-Benz Band 2. Personenwagen seit 1976 [Typenkompass Mercedes-Benz Volume 2. Passenger Cars since 1976]. Typenkompass series. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613022095.  (in German)
  • Lange, Matthias (2012). Die 126er Codes – jetzt entschlüsselt: Die S-Klasse von 1979 bis 1991 [The 126er Codes – now uncrypted: The S-Class from 1979 to 1991] (in German). Bonn: Mercedes-Benz Interessengemeinschaft. ISBN 9783981509007. 
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Workshop manuals
  • Mellon, Thomas A, ed. (2001). Chilton Mercedes: Coupes/Sedans/Wagons, 1974-84 Repair Manual. Chilton Total Car Care Series. Radnor, PA, USA: Chilton; Sparkford, UK: Haynes. ISBN 0801990769. 
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  • Mercedes S-Klasse, Serie 116, ab 1972: 280S/280SE/350SE/450SE/450/SEL. Reparaturanleitung series, Band 1042. (in German). Zug, Switzerland: Verlag Bucheli. 2012. ISBN 9783716817933. 
  • Mercedes 280 S / 280 SE / 350 SE / 340 SE / 450 SEL bis Aug 79. Reparaturanleitung series, Band 267/268. (in German). Zug, Switzerland: Verlag Bucheli. 2013. ISBN 9783716813317. 
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External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mercedes-Benz S-Class.
  • Mercedes S-Class—official US site
  • S-Class Saloon—official UK vehicle site
  • S-Klasse Limousine—official Germany site
  • A Break in Time - The New S-Class in Canada Short film for Mercedes by Christopher Kippenberger

en.wikipedia.org

Концепт Мерседес S Class Coupe рассекречен

Mercedes S Class Coupe

Концепт Мерседес в модификации S Class Coupe стал очередной яркой новинкой открывшегося Франкфуртского автосалона. Концептуальное авто Mercedes S Coupe, выступающее приемником люксовой модификации CL-класса, даже несмотря на имеющиеся достаточные габаритные пропорции, выглядит весьма стильно, спортивно и грациозно, что размещенное ниже Mercedes видео более детально визуализирует.

Продемонстрированный концепт Мерседес, согласно уже сложившейся традиции, стал обладателем одного из наиболее мощных силовых агрегатов в линейке баварского автопроизводителя, роскошной отделки и широкого списка опций базовой комплектации. Ожидаемое дебютное представление серийной модификации автомобиля должно пройти в рамках Детройтского январского автошоу. Концептуальное купе, экземпляры серийной модификации которого просто обязаны получать в оснащение высокотехнологичные видеорегистраторы отзывы о которых констатируют их безупречное качество исполнения, сохранило большие кузовные объемы представительского седана S-класса W222, но при этом получило серьезно измененную стилистику дизайна.

Mercedes S Class Coupe

Элитное авто Mercedes S Coupe стало обладателем сетчатой радиаторной решетки с размещенной на ней трехлучевой большой звездой, воздухозаборников и сплиттера в переднем бампере, напоминающего аналог у Mercedes GLA, светодиодной оптики, узких зеркал заднего вида, хромированных патрубков выхлопной системы и колесных 21-дюймовых дисков с высокопроизводительными покрышками.

Mercedes S Class Coupe

Салон концептуального Мерседес S видео презентация которого размещена ниже, получил переоформление торпеды и центрального тоннеля. Установленные сиденья с более спортивным воплощением были обтянуты телячьей кожей, керамическими стали видоизмененные сопла системы воздушного кондиционирования, деревянный декор уступил место металлическим вставкам, а обычное рулевое колесо было заменено спортивным аналогом. Роскошное исполнение автомобиля Mercedes Benz констатируется вручную отделанным потолком и сшитыми напольными ковриками.

Mercedes S Class Coupe

Кроме того, концепт Мерседес в салоне получил пару 12,3-дюймовых дисплеев, одним из которых выполняется функция приборной доски, а другим – экрана мультимедийной системы. Интегрированная система Intelligent Drive оснащена двумя стереокамерами, позволяет создать на 50м перед машиной объемное изображение пространства и контролировать в радиусе 500м все транспортные средства, предупреждая о потенциальной опасности. В качестве силового агрегата использован 4,6-литровый твинтурбо V8 двигатель, выдающий 455 лошадиных сил и 700 ньютон метров.

♦  Рубрика: Mercedes-Benz, АВТО, Концепт-кар. ♥  Метки: Mercedes-Benz > концепт кар

11 Сентябрь 2013

top-speed-cars.ru

Мерседес S-class W140

Мерседес 140 мерседес кузов появился, когда спрос на предыдущие модели стал падать, и стали набирать силу конкуренты. Решено было выпускать модель S-класса, превосходящую все иные авто в своем классе.

Дебют мерседес benz кузов 140 произошел в автосалоне в Женеве в 1991 году. Он стал сенсацией не только для западных журналистов, но и для публики, которая восторгались его мощью, комфортом и совершенством, но одновременно возмущались его агрессивной «неуклюжестью» и массивностью дизайна, а так же чрезмерной роскошью флагмана мерседес бенц 140 кузов 140.

Гигантские размеры по нынешним понятиям (5115/5215 миллиметров в длину и 1885 миллиметров в ширину, а высота 1485 миллиметров), и весьма тяжелый (2,56-2,72 тонн – его полная масса).

Четырех дверной седан мерседес кузов бенц 140 кузов мог оснащаться двумя базами длиной 3040 миллиметров и 3140 миллиметров. Машина с базой L(lange) оснащалась 12-ти цилиндровым V-образным агрегатом, который имел 6,0 литров объем и 394 л.с. (впервые за всю историю марки), которая обеспечивала великолепные динамические характеристики.

С таким агрегатом, плюс с фирменным 5-ти диапазонным «автоматом» mercedes класса benz 140 кузов разгоняется за 6,6 секунд до сотни километров. Именно эти свойства, и общая основательность всей конструкции машины в Германии этой модели дали прозвище «канцлер Коль», а в других странах  мерседес 600 benz в 140 кузове  стали называть «слоном». Некоторое время пребывали в растерянности и германские законодатели, из-за того, что самая крупная версия (с индексом 600S) вроде бы легкового автомобиля по законам Германии должна из-за огромного веса проходить как транспортное средство коммерческого назначения.

Как и предшествующий автомобиль, мерседес кузов s класса кузов 140, в ряду поколений машин Mercedes-Benz класса S, вместе со стандартным исполнением имеет вариант с удлинением базы, причём, дополнительные 100 миллиметров применяются исключительно для увеличения пространства для ног пассажиров, сидящих сзади. Для Немецкого рынка сначала предлагался ряд двигателей, который включал в себя четыре агрегата, из которых 3 было абсолютно новых, и только M 119 был знаком автолюбителям по предыдущей модели.

Этот мотор Мерседес benz класса s 140 кузов  оснащали так называемым «Einheitsdeck-Motor», имевшим микропроцессорное управление системой впрыска от фирмы Bosch под названием «LH-Jetronic». Три остальных мотора были совершенно новыми разработками. Интересно будет отметить такую любопытную деталь: присвоение заводских индексов 3,2 литровой и 4,2 литровой моделям не было связано с объёмами их моторов — для унификации версии получили наименования 300 SE/SEL и соответственно 400 SE/SEL.

Новинкой для мерседес 600 класса 140 кузов стал 6-ти литровый мотор V12M120, стал первым 12 цилиндровым серийным мотором для легковых машин Mercedes-Benz, и при этом обладает мощностью в 408 л.с., он запомнился как наиболее мощный из всех. Крутящий момент мотора составлял 580 Нм и достигал отметки 500 Нм при 1600 об/мин.

Как и шести цилиндровый мотор и оба дмотора V8, двенадцати цилиндровый имел четырёх клапанную газораспределительную систему, регулирующиеся впускные распределительные валы и управление впрыском при помощи микропроцессора, имел термоанемометрический воздухомер с подогреваемой нитью. При разработке моторов  мерседес 600 в s320 кузове 140 на первом плане было решение задач по минимизации вредных веществ в выхлопных газах и снижение расхода топлива.

Также принципиально новой стала система управляющая работой двигателя и трансмиссии, в которой модули управления стали сообщаться между собой с помощью единой шины данных. Шина позволила объединить управление фактически всеми главными системами, кроме того, дает возможность реализовать огромное количество дополнительных функций.

Кроме того, мерседес benz 600 кузов 140 S-класса стал вестником прихода эры машин, которые не содержат фтористых углеводородов (маркировка FCKW), он задал новое направление для развития сферы экологического автомобильного производства — сферы утилизации отходов.

В 1992 году, мерседес s кузов класса 140 кузов был даже отмечен высшей наградой SOPA «StratosphericOzoneProtectionAward» за соблюдение (вклад в охрану) охраны окружающей среды, которая присуждается американским Агентством EPA «EnvironmentalProtectionAgency», которое занимается защитой окружающей среды.

Кроме сокращения расхода горючего и оптимизации экологичности, в процессе разработки нового мерседес s320 mercedes 140 кузов S-класса первоочередной задачей было повышение безопасности и комфорта. Особенное значение придавали тщательной настройке и продуманной концепции  для ходовой части. Независимая передняя подвеска mercedes 140 benz кузов, имевшая сдвоенные поперечные рычаги, устанавливалась на специальном подрамнике, подрамник этот изолировал корпус автомобиля от вибрации и дорожного шума.

Имелись ещё две новинки конструкции — складывающиеся зеркала для заднего обзора и габаритные штыри, которые были выдвижные –служили ориентирами для облегчения перемещения авто задним ходом – они упрощали маневрирование машины mercedes кузов класса 140 в условиях ограниченного пространства и помогали четко различить задние габариты авто. Такие хромированные «рожки» имели высоту 65миллиметров, они выдвигались пневматикой строго вертикально через 2секунды после включения передачи заднего хода, затем убирались назад через 8секунд после выключения передачи.

В октябре 1992 года, на автосалоне Парижа были представлены машины с индексом 300SE 2.8 и индексом 300SD Turbodiesel, которые стали в ряду S-класса самыми доступными  и экономичными версиями. Много внимания привлекла к себе машина 300 SD, которую экспортировали в США с октября 1991 года., а тогда стала первой дизельной машиной S-класса, доступной в Германии. Машина  140 кузов benz мерседес 300 SD оснащалась 3,5 литровым шести цилиндровым мотором с турбо нагнетателем, который приводится в действие ОГ.

Он знаком по предыдущей модели, но затем был усовершенствован, после чего стал способен развить мощность до 150л.с. Вторая дебютирующая модель 300SE, оснащалась шести цилиндровым рядным мотором с четырех клапанной системой.

Вариант кузов 140 600 мерседес (со стандартной либо длинной колёсной базой), в котором становится очевидным, что мотор в индексе модели перестали указывать. Вместо привычных цифр в обозначении модели, которые округлялись до сотен, стали указывались числа, которые соответствуют фактическому объёму мотора. Например,  привычная модель 300SE стала обозначаться мерседес s320 класса кузов 140, а модель 300SD стали маркировать «S350 Turbodiesel».

В марте 1994 года на автосалоне Женевы седаны класса-S предстали с небольшими стильными изменениями во внешнем дизайне. Габариты не изменились, поэтому эффект был чисто визуальный, производящий лёгкое, пропорциональное, динамичное и сбалансированное впечатление. Обновленный дизайн фар  mercedes benz кузов 140 и новая решётка радиатора усиливали эффект.

В фарах были усовершенствованы рефлекторы свободной формы, которые обеспечивают на 60% большую светоотдачу, а фары для ближнего света не отделялись центральной перемычкой от фар для дальнего света. Шести и восьми цилиндровые модификации получили обновлённый дизайн радиаторной решётки с изгибом.

В мае 1995 года как дополнительное оборудование предлагалась ультразвуковая система «Parktronic». Одновременно во всех седанах 140 кузов s320 mercedes отказались от ненужных габаритных штырей, парктроник сделал их ненужным.

Если изменения марта 1994 года затронули в основном внешний дизайн, то изменения в сентябре 1995 года, коснулись восьми и двенадцати цилиндровых моделей, чисто технического характера. Новая 5-ти ступенчатая коробка «автомат» с блокировкой гидравлического трансформатора, сменила собой прежнюю 4-х ступенчатую коробку с гидравлическим управлением. Основным элементом стала электронная система, управляющая коробкой передач, она находится в контакте с ЭБУ двигателя и обменивается данными с ним, что позволяет автоматически адаптировать переключение передач при любой дорожной ситуации.

Вследствие серии мер по усовершенствованию моторов и применения автоматической коробки нового поколения расход топлива у моделей машин V8 и V12 сократился  на 7 % в среднем, и снизился выброс вредных веществ больше чем на 40%, при этом не изменился  уровень мощности. В сентябре того же года все модели класса — S без исключений оснащаются восьми цилиндровыми моторами, как дополнительное оборудование предлагается «электронная система для стабилизации движения машин ESP», главным предназначением системы стала помощь водителю при трудных  ситуациях на дороге.

Вместе с улучшенными версиями, которые были после внешнего тюнинга представлены во Франкфурте на автосалоне IAA в 1995 году дебютировал и новый вариант машины: S600 lang Pullman, который разрабатывался как правительственный лимузин, оснащенный специальной защитой и продолжатель многолетних традиций компании Mercedes.

Длина спец версии составила 6213 миллиметров, что на целый метр больше, чем в версии S600, имеющей длинную колёсную базу. Выигранный объём распределили в пространстве, увеличив места для ног пассажирам задних сидений, где пассажиры располагаются на комфортабельных сиденьях, которые обращены друг к другу. Заднюю часть в салоне можно было отделить от водительской кабины перегородкой. Кроме того, лимузин Pullman, выпущенный в серии 140 можно было купить без спецзащиты, в обычных модификациях S500 и S600, первые экземпляры таких моделей выпускались с августа 1996 года.

В июне 1996 года, S-класс очередной раз обновили и усовершенствовали. Теперь установлена новая 5-ти ступенчатая коробка с блокировкой гидравлического трансформатора и управлением  посредством электроники. Предлагается такая коробка и для шести цилиндровых моделей, для серии S280 как дополнительное оборудование, а для остальных моделей в серийных комплектациях.

Как платить за БЕНЗИН В ДВА РАЗА МЕНЬШЕ
  • Цены на бензин растут с каждым днем, а аппетит автомобиля только увеличивается.
  • Вы бы рады сократить расходы, но разве можно в наше время обойтись без машины!?
Но есть совершенно простой способ сократить расход топлива! Не верите? Автомеханик с 15-летним стажем тоже не верил, пока не попробовал. А теперь он экономит на бензине 35 000 рублей в год! Подробнее об этом по ссылке.

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мерседес s класса 2013 222 | Блог автолюбителя

Новый мерседес s класса 2013 уже давно пестрит в интернете, многим  не терпится узнать подробности.Вам повезло, потому что концерн Mercedes представил мерседес бенц s класса 2013 на автосалоне, премьера мерседес s класса 2013 состоялась 15 мая в Гамбурге, Германия. На бумаге спецификации мерседес s класс 2013 года впечатляют, что и следовало ожидать от такого дорогого автомобиля  —  флагмана. Но при личном знакомстве с ним, он ещё больше впечатлил, нежели на бумаге. Садясь в салон, складывается ощущение, что руководством компании Mercedes-Benz, своим  дизайнерам предоставила  ​​полную свободу действий, для того чтобы мечтать. В руководстве компании сочли, что роскошный автомобиль должен выглядеть именно так, поэтому подписали все документы для выхода в свет  новой модели. А почему бы и нет, с маркой Maybach ушла эпоха роскоши от  Mercedes-Benz. Новый S-Class может подтолкнуть концерн в стратосферу роскоши, преследуя цель, конкурировать с Bentley и Rolls-Royce по «бросовой цене»

 

Мерседес s класса 2013 222, является первым автомобилем в истории, который будет полностью освещен внутри и снаружи светодиодами, фары будут  на  56 светодиодных ламп каждая. Новый S-Class получил новую опцию, с помощью стереокамеры и радара постоянно отслеживает, что происходит вокруг автомобиля и автоматически включает обновленный пакет помощи водителю, который  предлагается в случае необходимости. Так же  S-Class  получил новую систему омывания лобового  стекла, ранее она была продемонстрирована  на SL  в прошлом  году.

Омывающая жидкость подаётся непосредственно в дворники, исключая  эффекта растекания по всему стеклу, что на время лишает возможности контролировать ситуацию на дороге. Новый S-Class является флагманом компании, поэтому платформа проектировалась, длиной почти 5,3 метра, так называемый « Лонг», уже позже база была укорочена до 5,1 метра. Автомобиль с удлинённой базой имеет два разделённых сидения, короткая база получила сплошной диван на трёх человек. Задние сидения  раскладываются под углом назад, что позволяет более комфортно переносить далёкие расстояния.

Пассажиры в лежачем положении получили встроенную амортизационную подушку, которая при аварии сможет защитить человека от травм. В данной модели сочетаются практичность и изобилие роскоши, сиденья например, получили функцию массажа, основой послужил ,массаж горячими камнями. Тепло  распределяется  только в те точки тела, где эффект от массажа будет наиболее эффективным, все эти процессы контролируются электроникой выведенной на дисплей  монитора.

Использование вышеупомянутых стереокамер, позволяет  выполнять дорожное сканирование поверхности дороги впереди автомобиля и автоматически регулирует демпфирование подвески на каждом отдельном  колесе, когда видимость хорошая. Система способна молниеносно в доли секунд производить корректировки в зависимости от ситуации на дороге. В руководстве Mercedes-Benz  заявили, что  S-класс обеспечивает одинаковый комфорт при езде, находитесь  ли вы за рулем или на заднем сиденье.

Что касаемо интерьера, то новый S-класс внутри выглядит более чем достойно по сравнению с Bentley. Внутреннее убранство изобилует кожей, деревом дорогих пород,   наличие алюминиевых деталей придают интерьеру роскошный вид.  Передние пассажиры получили для своего комфорта 12,3 дюймовые мониторы, а задние 12 дюймовые экраны, встроенные в  спинки передних сидений.  Мерседес s класса 2013 цена     будет начинаться от 89000, и самый дорогой будет стоить порядка 290000 долларов.

Что касаемо линейки силовых агрегатов, первыми на рынке появятся  S500 и S350 с системой BlueTec. Впоследствии планируется установка на них системы 4Matic. Далее будет S400 Hybrid. В перспективе  ожидается значительное расширение доступных моторов. Одним из новых двигателей станет твин-турбо V6 (3 литра, 330 л. с.), который также будет устанавливаться  на предстоящий Mercedes E400. Так же ожидается шестицилиндровый дизель с двумя турбинами.

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